Tripura Forest Department is entrusted with task of managing of Forest & Wildlife Resources of the state of Tripura. The moto of the Department is the “ecological stability for socio-economic security of the people of the state”. For achieving the moto the sphere of activities encompasses planning, promotion, co-ordination & implementation of the Forest Policies & Programmes in consonance with the policy guidance of the Ministry of Forests, Environment & Climate Change, Govt. of India.
The main objectives of the Department are:
1. Prevention of degradation of forests resources & improving their quality.
2. Restoration of degraded forest land.
3. Maintaining ecological restoration.
4. Creation of livelihood opportunities through sustainable use of forests, wildlife & biodiversity resources.
These objectives are well supported by a set of legislative & regulatory measures aimed at the sustainable use of these resources for the benefit of the people of the state to achieve the overall environmental consensus of the country.
Besides the legislative measures the National Forest Policy 1988, the State Afforestation Policy etc. guide the activities of the Department.
The state of Tripura, with a geographical area of 10491 km2 is predominantly hilly (60%) & is surrounded on three sides by a deltaic basin of Bangladesh. The state is situated between 22o57’ & 24o32’N and 91o10’ & 92o20’E with tropic of cancer passing through it. The State is situated in the south-western extremity of North-East region of the country. It shares border (1001 km in perimeter) with Bangladesh, Assam and Mizoram. International border with Bangladesh is 856 km. The international border is mostly fenced except about an odd 100 km.
The forests in the state are mainly tropical evergreen, semi evergreen, and moist deciduous. Sizeable area is covered with bamboo brakes which virtually form a “Sub climax” resulting from shifting cultivation from time immemorial. The recorded forest area is 6292.681Km2 .This is 59.98% of the total geographical area of the state.
The state has taken special initiative in involvement of people in management of forests in territorial Divisions and Wildlife Sanctuaries through formation of joint forest management Committees (JFMCs) and eco development committees (EDCs) respectively.
For better management of forest and wildlife resources since 1st April 2015 the state is divided into 8 Forest Districts which are co-terminus with the civil districts. Each District is sub divided into Sub-Divisional Forest Offices. There are 17 forest subdivisions in toto .The Forest subdivisions are further sub divided into Ranges and Ranges into Beats. Beat is the lowest administrative unit of forest administration headed by a Forester.
The Dept has taken special efforts through it’s GIS Cell to geo-refer the forest areas for better management planning and accountability.
The state got the opportunity to implement two externally aided projects since 2007-08. One was funded by Government of Japan through Japan International Co-operation Agency( JICA) as a soft loan. The other was a grant from Federal Republic of Germany through KFW. The project periods will be over by 2016-17.
The Department is striving hard through implementing the schemes of the state, central Government, externally aided projects and enforcement measures with a fine balance taking people into confidence for achieving it’s moto.